Prek Toal Bird Sanctuary is a globally significant bird site located in the Great Tonlé Sap Biosphere Reserve (about 27 km from Siem Reap town). Home to Southeast Asia’s largest waterbird colony, Prek Toal is an important breeding ground for globally threatened and near-threatened bird species such as the Spot-billed Pelican and Milky Stork. For many birders, Prek Toal has become a must-visit site for its rich biodiversity and rare birdlife which are particularly abundant in the dry season. 

Read our SVC Guides selection of the Top Ten Birds of this incredible site! 

For more information about our Prek Toal Tours, CLICK HERE

1. Milky Stork

Great Hornbill_Bokor_Sok Panhavuth_6 Nov 2017

Scientific Name: Mycteria cinerea

IUCN Classification: Endangered

A large white Stork with a yellow bill that inhabits coastal mangroves, marshes, and mudflats (very rarely are they found far inland). Prek Toal is the best place to see this endangered species breeds and great for observation. January to April is the best time to see this species as the bird starts breeding and raising their chicks.

2. Greater Adjutant

Wreathed Hornbill_Bokor_Sok panhavuth_26 Apr 2018

Scientific Name: Leptoptilos dubius

IUCN Classification: Endangered

The Greater Adjutant is the biggest Stork in Cambodia. The immense and imposing undertaker of a stork with a bare head and neck, pale eyes, and dark grey wings. Some populations are found in the Northern Plains of Cambodia and sometimes seen foraging among the vultures. But Prek Toal is the best location to see this rare stork in Cambodia.

3. Lesser Adjutant

Moustached barbet_Bokor_Sok Panhavuth_28 Apr 2018

Scientific Name: Leptoptilos javanicus

IUCN Classification: Vulnerable

This species’ size is slightly different from Greater Adjutant and they also occur in this area and have their breeding colony among other waterbird species. This is the last breeding group that arrived in the area and they mainly feed on fish.

4. Grey-headed Fish-Eagle

Long-tailed broadbill_Bokor_Sok Panhavuth_26 Apr 2018

Scientific Name: Icthyophaga ichthyaetus

IUCN Classification: Near Threatened

This is the strongest predator in Prek Toal. Vocal; often detected by its hoarse yelping screams. This Gray-headed Fish-eagle breeds and lives a whole year in this area. Their main food is the bigger fish in Tonle Sap lake, such as Snakehead Fish and occasionally on reptiles.

5. Great Cormorant

Brown Shrike @ SVC Mony Sang

Scientific Name: Phalacrocorax carbo

IUCN Classification: Least Concern

Large cormorant found nearly worldwide. Note its large size, white patch on the throat and crest.

6. Spot-billed Pelican

Blue-winged Leafbird_Bokor_Sok Panhavuth_26 Apr 2018

Scientific Name: Pelecanus philippensis

IUCN Classification: Near Threatened

Interesting Fact: Prek Toal is the only remaining breeding site for the Spot-billed Pelican, a large pale waterbird with a hefty pinkish pouched bill marked with diagnostic dark spots on the upper mandible. This magnificent bird breeds and forages in a big group. 

7. Asian Openbill

Asian Fairy Bluebird_Bokor_Sok Panhavuth_26 Apr 2018

Scientific Name: Anastomus oscitans

IUCN Classification: Least Concern

There is a huge number of this stork species that occur here. They mainly forage on the floating vegetation for snails.

8. Oriental Darter

Black-crested Bulbul_Bokor_Sok Panhavuth_26 Apr 2018

Scientific Name: Anhinga melanogaster

IUCN Classification: Near Threatened

This near-threatened species is known for its distinct curved long neck, which looks snake-like while its body is submerged in water.

9. Painted Stork

Barred Cuckoo-Dove_Bokor_Sok Panhavuth_17 Apr 2918

Scientific Name: Mycteria leucocephala

IUCN Classification: Near Threatened

A large stork with the long yellow bill that curves down at the tip. This beautiful stork comes to the Prek Toal bird sanctuary around December and making nests all over the tree canopies and bushes.

10. Indian Cormorant

Brown Shrike @ SVC Mony Sang

Scientific Name: Phalacrocorax fuscicollis

IUCN Classification: Least Concern

An all-black ducklike waterbird with blue-green eyes, a rounded head, a sloping forehead, and a long and slender bill that is sharply hooked at the tip. There are thousands of Indian Cormorants breeding in Prek Toal area and share the habitats with many other large waterbirds in this area.


 Thinking about visiting Prek Toal? We run 1-day tours from March to November departing from Siem Reap Town. Click the button below to learn more or contact to inquire about our next scheduled tour.